According to Knowledge

Likewise, ye husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life; that your prayers be not hindered.

1 Peter 3:7 KJV

This verse is one of many, in the Word of God, that instructs men regarding their relationship with their wives. At first reading I notice that it includes at least five important points, but I’m only going to consider one. I’ll use it to demonstrate one of the ways that we can allow Scripture to speak for itself.

Most people, whether preacher, blogger, or theologian, approach Bible verses as standalone proverbs. Then they expand on them, speculating wildly. They don’t consider each verse within the totality of God’s Holy Word. This is an utterly dishonest methodology. Christians accept it because so few really believe that the Bible is God’s Word.

The Roman Catholic Church, at least, is honest about this: it admits that it places the traditions of men above the Bible. Protestant denominations proclaim Sola Scriptura, but base their doctrines on tradition, opinion, and emotion.

Let’s consider one word in 1 Peter 3:7: “knowledge.” Husbands are to dwell with their wives according to knowledge. Knowledge of what? Fine art, the Kama Sutra, her preferred foods? This verse doesn’t say.

One of the keys to understanding the Bible is to look at how concepts and words are used by God. It is often especially revealing to look at the first usage of a particular word. When I refer to “a word,” I don’t mean an English word. The Bible wasn’t originally written in English; we need to go back to the original language texts for understanding.

“Hold on there, Rick,” you say. “I can’t read Hebrew or Greek!”

Don’t be alarmed. Except for esoteric points of grammar, it isn’t necessary. There are online tools available that allow us to do this sort of research. I’ll show you how I research the word “knowledge.” We can have some fun together if you open another browser window and follow along.

First, we go to There’s a search box on the homepage. Here I could type “1 Peter 3:7” and click the magnifying glass. I generally prefer to click the QuickNav button (under the words “Search the Bible”). Next I click “1 Peter,” then “3.”

Now we see a listing of all verses in 1 Peter 3. We can read the verse in its context—very important to proper understanding. Let’s assume that I have read the chapter without noticing anything that helps define “knowledge.” Time to dig deeper.

Beside each verse is a “Tools” button. We click the one next 1 Peter 3:7. This expands a box with six tabs. “Bibles,” which displays others versions, is sometimes helpful in the Old Testament. The “Interlinear” tab is the most useful tool.

Click “Interlinear.” By default it displays the words in the order of the English text. This is easiest to use if you aren’t fluent in Koine Greek. Scroll down to the word “knowledge.” To its right is a strange number: “G1108.” This is part of the “Strong’s Numbering System,” an easy way to look up Greek (or Hebrew) words. Further to the right is the Greek word and its English transliteration. Click the speaker button to find out how gnosis is pronounced.

Next, we click on “G1108.” This opens the lexicon page. It has more information than I’m equipped to use, but some is very helpful.

Let’s see what we can learn. Its part of speech is “feminine noun.” It’s a thing, not an action (verb). Unless the noun is a person, the gender doesn’t tell us anything. G1108 comes from the root word G1097. You might want to look at that later. “Dictionary Aids” simply give us men’s opinions. If we wanted that, we wouldn’t be doing this study.

I like to look at Thayer’s lexicon, which considers profane (non-scriptural) sources to get a broader definition. The only definition given is (…wait for it…) “knowledge.” If I click on the “rest of the entry” link I find a list of opinions; what it might mean in this verse or that. Moving on…

We scroll down farther. Look, there’s a list of every verse where gnosis is used. Now we’re getting somewhere!

The first time that it’s used is in Luke 1:77. “The knowledge of salvation.” Where do we get the knowledge of salvation? God’s word, the Scriptures, of course.

The next entry is not quite as clear. I click on Luke 11:52 to see the context. If we go up to Luke 11:45 and read down to verse fifty-two we see that Jesus is speaking to lawyers (lawyers of Old Testament law – not Roman law). He is rebuking them for their unbelief of God’s word. When we reach verse fifty-three we understand; What they have taken away from God’s people is an understanding of Scripture.

Click the browser’s “Back” button to return to the list of verses. If you get lost, put G1108 in the search box and hit enter. Neat, huh?

In Romans 2:20 we click on the reference to read the context. It’s very similar to the one in Luke: Jews (Judeans) who had a form of scriptural knowledge but didn’t believe or practice it themselves.

In Romans 11:33 it’s the “knowledge of God.”

After a long passage about prophecies concerning Jesus Christ, Romans 15:14 concludes that Paul is persuaded that the believers are “full of all knowledge.” Yet the next verse begins with “Nevertheless.” “But I wrote to remind you.” He then begins a whole new subject. So he was reminding them about the knowledge of Christ.

1 Corinthians 1:3 tells us that the source of the knowledge in verse 4 is God in Christ.

1 Corinthians 8:6 and 7 together define the meaning of knowledge in that chapter.

In 1 Corinthians 12:8 gnosis is used in the phrase “the word of knowledge.” What is “the word of knowledge?” It’s a manifestation of the spirit. A full understanding of this subject requires a lot of research; For now we will simply note that it’s knowledge given by God.

Chapters thirteen and fourteen are part of the context of chapter twelve; G1108 has the same definition. Note that it appears with “prophesy.”

So we continue, checking each context. Are you getting a clearer picture of how God uses this word? In each case it’s talking about knowledge of, or from, God.

In 1 Timothy 6:20 we see a slightly different usage. Here the King James version translates the word as, “science.” Any knowledge that is in opposition to God’s Scriptures is false knowledge.

I continue reading till the end of the list. I’m reading silently, to myself. You do the same.

Done? Me, too.

The very first time that G1108 was used it was “the knowledge of salvation.” Finally, in 2 Peter 3:18, it is “the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.” Did anyone else have an epiphany?

The word gnosis is used regarding various aspects of God’s plan of salvation. This began with the prophecy of the Messiah in Genesis 3:16. The Old Testament believers were to look forward to his coming. It was this understanding that the lawyers stole from God’s people.

But now, Christ has already come. We strive, with God’s help, to comprehend the totality of Jesus Christ’s salvation, both spiritual and practical. I’m going to go back and read all those passages again.

This is the knowledge according to which we dwell with our wives. And according to which we live our lives.

Society and Tradition

America – the United States – is a nation of law. Each American – whether great or small – is equally its subject. Legislation is passed, after careful deliberation, in order to allow our society to function more peacefully and fairly. Law governs our day-to-day life. As much as we hate to admit it, law enforcement officers are our friends. Without them our society would degenerate into chaos.

And unicorns exist. Really!

The idea that laws govern our day-to-day lives is a myth. Most of our interactions with others are based on custom, on tradition. Shared customs are the glue that keep a society together. Traditions – rules that the vast majority know and obey – govern our daily actions. Customs keep society from degenerating into chaos.

Allow me to present an example.

You have, I’m sure, noticed the rectangular white signs that appear at intervals along the roads and highways. The signs have a printed legend, “Speed Limit,” and a number. Each of those signs is a posted law that everyone can see. They leave no room for pleading ignorance. But almost everyone routinely drives faster than the numbers “allow.” It’s a tradition.

Just yesterday I noticed a young lady driving a Ford Explorer. It was obvious to me that she was breaking at least two laws – she was exceeding the posted speed limit and tailgating. Both of that those activities, however, are customary on that particular highway. She was quite sure she was doing nothing worthy of punishment. The driver in front of her seemed to be of the same opinion. He was a deputy Sheriff in a marked police car.

To continue the example from a different point of view: the other day I read a blog post in which the writer claimed that he had found the worst drivers in the country. The reality is something different. Once again, custom trumps law. Traffic laws are pretty uniform throughout the United States – but if you drive from New York to New Orleans you’ll notice tremendous differences in behavior behind the wheel. The laws are the same – but people follow different driving customs in different areas. The more these customs differ from your own, the lower your opinion of the local drivers.

I’m not claiming that legislation has no effect on the way we live. But its primary effect is to change customs by forcing people (through fear) to change their behavior. I might go so far as to say that man-made written laws are, almost always, harmful.

The customs and traditions of a society develop gradually over time. What these customs are, or will become, depends on many factors. Among these are religion, population density, the ways in which people make a living, geography, climate, and the sorts of technologies in use.

As these factors change so will the traditions – but gradually, a little bit at a time. Changes in customs are usually slow and always tentative. After all, the old ways served well – most people will continue to use them. A behavioral innovator might influence his family, friends, and near neighbors but unless the new custom noticably outperforms the old custom it will be quietly forgotten.

Written laws are like new customs – except instantaneous and carved in stone. How often does a legislature repeal a law that it has passed? Like a new custom, the new law will be tried out. If it’s a complete and abject failure, as most are, more laws will be piled on top of the original law in an attempt to fix its shortcomings. Eventually a society finds itself in the situation we’re in today – a web of laws, passed with every good intention, that makes most human behavior illegal.

And so, for society to function, the law must be ignored and tradition obeyed.

But it isn’t that simple. People tend to confuse the laws and the customs and so lose respect for both. Most Americans tend to believe that the law is equal to the traditions – it’s the right way to order society. Because of this they come to believe that if a behavior isn’t illegal it must be suitable. This is probably a major factor in the disappearance of common (customary) courtesy. Discourteous behavior isn’t illegal so it must be moral! Written laws are often destructive of good customs.

Some argue that because society and technology are so advanced and complex today that more and more written laws are necessary. The converse is true. Customary laws are organic – they can change to suit changing conditions. Just as a person dropped into an unfamiliar environment can adapt and learn and survive, so can a society.

A society held rigid by a fossilized skeleton of legislation cannot adapt – and will die.

In The Beginning

The first two verses of Genesis contain a concise summary of the origin of the heavens and the earth. Fortunately for the livelihoods of theologians and theoretical scientists, there aren’t a lot of details given. Let’s take a look at what can be known from the Bible. Theories about cosmology and creation can be great fun – but we should never lose sight of the truth that intellectual brilliance doesn’t lead people to God.

To begin, let’s read what’s written in verse one.

Genesis 1:1
In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

What was the origin of the cosmos? God created it. How exactly did he do this? The Bible doesn’t tell us. When did it happen? “In the beginning.” How long ago was the beginning? We don’t know.

We do know that the creation didn’t happen last Wednesday – God doesn’t lie and he places it before thousands of years of history in the Old Testament. From secular historical records we also know that it has been about 2400 years since the last prophet who wrote in the Old Testament – Malachi.

Now let’s take a look at the beginning of verse two.

Genesis 1:2a
And the earth was without form [Hebrew: tohu], and void [bohu]…

There has been a lot of debate – going back at least to some early church fathers and rabbinical scholars – as to whether verse two describes the results of verse one. Did God originally create the earth without form and void or did something bad happen between the two verses? From my own research I tend to lean toward the latter – but that doesn’t make me a proponent of “Gap Creationism.”

Before I continue with the study, here’s the link to the interlinear of Genesis 1:2. From this page you can find the definition and, where applicable, the parsing of every Hebrew word used in this verse. You can also find every single verse in the Bible where each word is used. It will even take you to the complete context of those verses.

Back in the old days (“hand me my cane, Sonny”) this sort of study took me many days to complete. It also required a number of expensive reference works (all of which I still own). And lots of pencils and paper. Now it can be done in a couple of hours without moving anything more than a mouse. Amazing! This raises a question in my mind. If studying the Bible is so easy today why do so few do it?

First of all let’s look at the word “was.” In Hebrew it’s in the perfect tense. It could be translated accurately as either “was” or “became.” This doesn’t tell us when it happened. It could have been simultaneous with verse one or sometime afterward.

Next let’s look at “without form and void.” From their root forms these words could best be translated as “a waste” and “empty [uninhabited].” The word bohu only occurs twice more in the Bible. In both cases it is paired with tohu. Both instances are speaking about a land made uninhabitable by warfare – a result of sin and rebellion against God.

Tohu occurs twenty times in the Old Testament and is translated into English in nine different ways. Only one more of these occurrences is relevant in this context. Here tohu is translated, “in vain.”

Isaiah 45:18
For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.

In this verse God tells us that he did not create the earth in vain (without form). This is the primary reason I believe that verse two describes something that happened after verse one. “The earth became waste and empty…”

There are hints in God’s word that the calamity that caused this state was the rebellion of the head Angel, Lucifer, against God. After he set himself up as God’s adversary he picked up some delightful nicknames – Satan, the devil, the serpent, the father of lies, the god of this world. I’m certainly not scholar enough to prove this one way or the other—so I’ll leave it alone.

Putting together everything we’ve read, how much time passed between the first and second verses of Genesis? Could it have been 13 billion years as the scientists say? Sure! How about thirteen minutes? I suppose so. Sigh. After all that work we still don’t know the age of the universe. We don’t know if God created the heavens and the earth via the Big Bang (taking 13 million years) or if he did it in a moment of time.

Guess what? Knowing or not knowing won’t make any difference to living the more abundant life that Christ promised. What we don’t know isn’t going to hurt us. If it were, God would’ve told us.

Now, I do understand the appeal of all of these theories of creation and cosmology. We men, especially in our youths, are driven to explore. Those of us with an intellectual bent are driven to explore theories, explanations, and philosophies. I have no problem with that – I was the same way!

So go ahead and jump on Wikipedia – discover the dozens of theories that theologians and scientists have come up with to try to explain that which God describes in a handful of words. Just remember that you’re doing it as a fun way to stretch your mind. None of these theories are true – they are just theories. After you’ve done a little research you’ll notice that scientists actually disagree with each other more than theologians do!

Earlier I mentioned that I am not a proponent of “gap creationism.” I’m also not a proponent of the “young earth” theory, or any other. Each of these theories makes assumptions that cannot be proven from God’s word. The “gappers” claim that the plant and animal life that formed fossils – perhaps even an earlier race of man – lived between Genesis verses 1 and 2. But the Bible doesn’t say that. Many “youngers” claim that the fossils were laid down during an ice age following the flood. There’s no biblical proof for that, either.

Christians arguing about unprovable theories is a cause of division; it plays directly into the adversary’s hands. When we get invested in such theories we get distracted from that which is important. We lose sight of the truth of God’s word. If we worship our own thoughts we won’t be believing the Bible.

Let’s set aside our differences to concentrate on that which we do know. God created the heavens and the earth. God made the earth to be inhabited by man. God’s motivation was love – for God is love.

And if you want others to come to God you’re not going to convince them with your theories. “…the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance.”

Symbols of America


It was about fifty years ago that I first saw this painting. I remember wooden floors and white plaster walls. Standing beside the painting was a docent, watching the visitors with grandfatherly pride. His job was to guard this treasure from grubby little fingers. My fingers.

Keeping us at a respectful distance was a red velvet rope suspended from heavy brass stands. They were much like the ones used in my church – I had the feeling that viewing this painting was a religious experience.

I turned to my mom and reverently asked, “did George Washington really stand up in the boat?”

“No,” she said with a smile. “That’s called ‘artistic license.'”

Throughout the 19th Century and into the twentieth this painting – and other works of art like it – symbolized America. When Americans thought about their country they pictured George Washington as the symbolic hero.

Washington, a wealthy landowner, risking his life, his fortune, and his sacred honor for the cause of liberty. Washington leading the rebel alliance against the imperial troops.

Washington on horseback; at Valley Forge; kneeling to pray; bloody footprints in the snow.

The painting I was viewing had been completed in 1851. Leutze’s “Washington Crossing the Delaware” had it all – a band of ill-clad men braving the cold of a late December night and the hazards of an ice-choked river to attack the Empire’s mercenaries – and winning.

A brave General, willing to undergo the same hardships as his ill-equipped and shivering men; an army of citizen soldiers, underdogs against a mighty empire; an army of individuals putting their trust in the Almighty God because their own power was so tiny; this was the American hero – the symbol of the United States.

But during the 20th century this image began to be replaced by a new one in the hearts of Americans. Someone decided that we needed a new hero – one more relevant to our times.

The new symbol of America is the corporate lawyer. He sits far from the battlefield, risking neither discomfort nor injury. His army has no place for individuals. It is a machine, formed, trained, and equipped to be the most devastating implement of destruction ever seen.

Who is this man, this great symbol of America?

Picture him, if you will: A lobbyist, made wealthy by securing government favors for his clients. A man whose loyalty lies not with the citizens, but with the corporations and the government. He will see American citizens slaughtered by the thousands if he considers it necessary to achieve his goals.

Yes, he’s the new American icon, the one who symbolizes America worldwide. Few quote George Washington anymore – but this man’s name is on everyone’s lips.

Now imagine him, risen to political power. He does not brave the cold, or kneel in the snow to seek guidance from above. No, he has a comfortable armchair from which, with a quiet word, he dispenses oppression and death on his enemies, favor and fortune on his friends. He doesn’t pray but he’s not an atheist – he worships big government.

This is America. This is the face of the new empire, the American empire.

When inaugurated he had two major goals – goals so critical that he rammed them through in his first months in office.

First he raised an army, literally, of tax collectors. An army equipped with the finest weapons ever seen on earth. It’s purpose was to ensure that the government coffers remained full. His second goal was to fund an enormous corporate welfare project for his cronies, his political supporters. He had made careful arrangements to ensure that he shared in the pelf.

How fortuitous that he was assassinated! This allows him to replace – not just George Washington – but even Jesus Christ in the hearts of Americans.

In 1936 a pagan temple was consecrated to his worship. It contains a two-story tall idol—a statue of the new saviour. In the stone behind the statue are carved the words,





Yesterday morning, Sunday, I looked at myself in the mirror as a shaved for the seventh day in a row. I knew that it would be another week before I got a day off. And I wasn’t exactly motivated to go to work. I’m the only one who goes into the office on weekends – I’d have nobody else there to encourage me.

I’ve been working on a new machine tool design for about 3 1/2 years. The first one is being installed at a customer’s location today. I should have felt a sense of relief – except there was a problem I hadn’t been able to solve. One major problem that makes the machine useless. And it’s all on me.

And that wasn’t my only reason for being discouraged. There were lots of others – but this is no place to air anybody else’s dirty laundry.

I even wondered, seriously, if Walmart was hiring. I had been joking about it with my office mates for two weeks.

“Welcome to Walmart!” Yeah, I could do that job.

But it was my responsibility to go into work and pull off a last-second miracle that would save the jobs of twenty people. And I wasn’t motivated. I can’t do this. I’m completely discouraged.

Me, me, me.

Yes, I have a ton of excuses to lack motivation. I “feel like” I have every reason to give up. But do I have the right to do so?

Hebrews 12:3
For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.

No! I don’t have any right to feel discouraged. My problems are nothing compared to what Jesus Christ went through (for me!). So, what to do?

First, I reminded God of what His Word says (just in case He forgot):

Colossians 3:23
And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men;

I told Him that I would do my best to do what His Word said – but that I was holding Him responsible to motivate me. I even quoted Him a verse to prove that He had to do so:

Philippians 2:13
For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

And you know what? It worked – I mean, He worked in me. I determined to do His Word and thanked Him for working in me to give me the will to continue.

So I went into work on Sunday, had a brainstorm and wrote some code. I did the drudge work of testing and debugging, and the problem was solved.

When I emailed the results to my boss he thanked me profusely. But I know who really deserves the credit. Because I wasn’t working alone.


I’ve been working too many hours. And days. Yes, even engineers have to work weekends when there’s a major deadline and everybody’s job depends on us.

I think I’ll have a day off next Sunday (the 23rd) to continue the Christian Basics series.  Until then I’ll be posting some lightweight social commentary.

Lost Knowledge

I promised several of my readers that I would write a series on the early chapters of Genesis. It’s an important record—a full understanding of God’s saving grace is aided by knowing from whence we came. We’ll look at how God formed, made, and created mankind; Adam’s disobedience and expulsion from paradise; and the promise of the Redeemer. But, after much prayerful consideration, I believe I need to do an introduction regarding ignorance.

The Genesis record has been thoroughly muddied by well-meaning (or otherwise) scientists, philosophers, theologians, and preachers. Everybody, it seems, has a favorite theory that reconciles the Bible with modern scientific discoveries. This theoretical speculation, however, is rooted in hubris – a prideful belief that we are smarter and more knowledgeable than any others who came before. This belief is dead wrong.

Proverbs 1:7
The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.

Without proper meekness and humility, a respectful awe for our Creator and Lord, we fall into an insidious trap. We forget that his thoughts are far higher than our thoughts. We believe we can figure out all the answers – or at least most of them. But, if we fail to start from the true beginning, our endings will be far from the truth.

So let’s set aside our pride and admit our ignorance. We can start by acknowledging to God that He knows more than we. And always has!

God doesn’t love the people of today more than he loved the patriarchs and prophets of old. He didn’t leave them in ignorance of His Word and will. It’s incontrovertible that those men and women possessed knowledge that has now been lost – and I’m not referring to their copy of Pyramid Building for Dummies.

What we find in Genesis is a synopsis of the most critical information about the creation. Adam, Enoch, Noah, and Abraham (to name a few) all had a subtler and more complete understanding of what occurred.

But, you might ask, how could they? They didn’t have a written Bible!

All throughout history God has had his men who believed to receive His Word. Though they had no Bibles they did have the spoken Word of the prophets and a memorized tradition of how to read God’s Word from the stars.

Genesis 1:14
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

Before God first formed Adam he set the stars and planets in motion in the skies—so that His Word could be read throughout the earth.

Psalm 19:1-6
The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.
Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.
There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard.
Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,
Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.
His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.

The lights in the firmament of heaven utter speech and show knowledge to those trained to read them. This topic is neatly summed up by Dr. Bullinger in his introduction to The Witness of the Stars.

For more than two thousand five hundred years the world was without a written revelation from God. The question is, Did God leave Himself without a witness? The question is answered very positively by the written Word that He did not. In Romans 1:19 it is declared that, “that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath showed it unto them. For the invisible things of Him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse.” But how was God known? How were His “invisible things,” i.e., His plans, His purposes, and His counsels, known since the creation of the world? We are told by the Holy Spirit in Romans 10:18. Having stated in v. 17 that “Faith cometh by hearing and hearing by the Word (the thing spoken, sayings) of God,” He asks, “But I say, Have they not heard? Yes, verily.” And we may ask, How have they heard? The answer follows–“Their sound went into all the earth and their words (their teaching, message, instruction) unto the ends of the world.” What words? What instruction? Whose message? Whose teaching? There is only one answer, and that is, THE HEAVENS! This is settled by the fact that the passage is quoted from Psalm 19, [one] part of which is occupied with the Revelation of God written in the Heavens, and the [other] part with the Revelation of God written in the Word.

Please remember that Bullinger’s book is not the Word of God. It is, at best, a survey demonstrating how much knowledge we have lost over the millennia.

When Abraham stood upon the Palestinian Hills and looked up at the heavens he could read God’s Word in the names and arrangements of the stars. He was inspired by God’s goodness just as we are when we read the book of Psalms. He could read about the creation, the fall, and the promised saviour. He knew that Messiah would come to die for God’s people and be raised again.* He could read about the resurrections of the just and the unjust.

Even at the time of the birth of Jesus there were men who believed God – outside of Palestine – who understood this knowledge. The Magi came from the East, confident that the saviour had been born. How did they know? They read it from the stars. Today all we have left of this godly tradition is the degenerate art of astrology (Star – Knowledge or Star – Word). In place of Magi we have magicians.

When we read about the men of God in the Old Testament – the patriarchs before the time of Moses – we should remember that they probably knew far more about the creation than we do today. Lacking a written word these men were trained in memorization and logic from a very early age. Honestly, they would make most of us look stupid.

But we have no reason to despair – the salient points, those most critical for our understanding – have been preserved. If we approach God’s Word with an attitude of trembling respect for His awful majesty we can avoid the trap of hubris. We will stop trying to explain more than is written. We must not worship either science or our pet “biblical” theories.

Let’s simply read what is written and glean the clear truths.

*Extra credit: Can you find a record in Genesis that demonstrates Abraham’s knowledge about the coming Messiah?

Understanding Parables

In the Gospels we often see Jesus teaching by way of parables. A parable is a short story, told by a teacher, to illuminate an important idea. This idea is intended to be obvious to the listeners. The story is an aid to the student. It helps him understand, remember, and act.

Note carefully that a parable illustrates one point. Remember Aesop’s fables? Same idea. There’s a one-sentence moral to the story. (The sentence might include a semi-colon)

An allegory is different from a parable – an allegory contains multiple elements, each having its own (non-obvious) meaning. In spite of what some scholars have claimed, Christ also used allegories*. But, each time an allegory appears in the Gospels, Jesus later explains it. One such example is in Mark 4. Jesus explains the allegory here.

Roman Catholic scholars, during the Middle Ages, began treating all of the parables in the Gospels as if they were allegories. Modern biblical scholarship has reverted to the earlier view that Jesus’ parables were simply parables.

What possessed “biblical scholars” to think that parables could be treated as allegories? Hah! I can’t read minds, especially of people who’ve been dead for over 500 years. But I do know that most people, most of the time, do things from self-interest. When a large number of people, over many years, all do something similar you can be pretty sure that’s the reason.

By treating parables as allegories, allegories that Jesus “forgot” to explain, scholars could make the Bible say whatever they wanted. Any idea they wished to convey they could, somehow, squeeze into one of the parables. That is handling the word of God deceitfully, no matter the motive.

It’s a good thing that the Christian church has rejected this dishonest methodology. We’d never do this anymore, would we?

Unfortunately, it seems that non-medieval biblical scholarship hasn’t made it into many pulpits. The “Christian preachers” of today are still treating the parables as allegories. The method is quite valuable to them: they can imagine a “doctrine” and then “prove” it by quoting Jesus’ words. It’s not surprising, then, that sincere Christian laymen don’t understand the purpose of parables. Constant repetition has convinced us that the allegorical method is the right one. I thought so, myself, for many years.

Because of this there was a certain parable that bothered me. A lot. Let’s read it.

Luke 18:2-6
Saying, There was in a city a judge, which feared not God, neither regarded man:
And there was a widow in that city; and she came unto him, saying, Avenge me of mine adversary.
And he would not for a while: but afterward he said within himself, Though I fear not God, nor regard man;
Yet because this widow troubleth me, I will avenge her, lest by her continual coming she weary me.
And the Lord [Jesus] said, Hear what the unjust judge saith.

When I tried to handle this parable as an allegory I became very confused. It seemed to say that God was very much like an unjust judge. He didn’t give a damn about anybody. God tried his best to ignore prayers. The only reason He finally does anything is because He gets tired of listening to us.

Can you see why I had problems with this little story? The allegorical interpretation contradicts many, many verses elsewhere in the Bible.

This story perfectly illustrates the proper way to handle a parable – Jesus’ words are nonsensical as an allegory. But I missed it. God even instructed Luke to write the “moral of the story” at both the beginning and the end. But I missed it. Maybe it’s just me – does anybody else occasionally feel stupid in God’s presence?

Here is the verse before the parable:

Luke 18:1
And he spake a parable unto them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;

And here’s the following verse:

Luke 18:7, 8a
And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them?
I tell you that he will avenge them speedily.

What’s the point of this parable? It’s simple. If you wouldn’t quit petitioning an unjust judge, why would you consider giving up on God?

Or, as the Bible puts it, “men ought always to pray, and not to faint.”

So, give your fainting couch to charity and keep praying.

*Why isn’t the word allegory (Greek allegoria) used in the Gospels? There’s a large body of evidence that these books were originally written in Aramaic and later translated to Greek. While I’m no expert on languages, I did check Aramaic and Syriac dictionaries. I found a word for parable but no separate word for allegory. Hmm…

Prayer: A Primer

Prayer is one of the most important parts of a Christian lifestyle. Very few Christians – and I include myself – pray as much as we could and should. Some believers fall short because they don’t know how to pray or what to pray for. God (who’s much sharper than us) anticipated this problem. Throughout His Word there are examples of prayer that we can study to our benefit.

All of the New Testament epistles written to the Christian churches contain prayers. Paul, the writer, spent much time in prayer for the believers. But it was God, by revelation, who told him to write about it. These prayers express God’s heart for us – today.

Let’s look at an example from the first chapter of the first epistle.

Romans 1:8, 9
First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world.
For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;

Hold it! That can’t be true. In verse nine Paul says he prays “without ceasing.” I mean, the guy has to sleep sometime.

You’re right, it isn’t literally true (of the apostle Paul). But don’t worry, God had Paul write it that way on purpose. It isn’t an error, it’s a figure of speech. God wants us to stop and consider His words.

This figure emphasizes that Paul prayed during every available moment. God commands us to do the same.

1 Thessalonians 5:17
Pray without ceasing.

(By the way, if you want an easy verse to memorize, this would be a good one.)

Romans 1:9, however, speaks to more than Paul’s prayer life. The first half of the verse, “God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit,” reminds us that Paul’s prayers arose from God’s heart.

I’ve heard many Christians, when quoting the epistles, to put too much emphasis on the man, Paul, as if he were some theologian. We must remember that Paul was God’s man. And “holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.” Paul wrote in the first person because God commanded it. These are words the Holy Spirit, God, taught to Paul – he received them by revelation. They are God’s Word.

With this in mind, read the verses from Romans again. This is God’s heart for you. Unlike Paul, God is able to remember you, think about you, and desire the best for you without ceasing. You’re in his heart 24/7. We’re God’s children, He is our father.

Picture a happy home presided over by an ideal father. As children of the Most High, that’s where we live.

Ephesians 2:19
Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;

Don’t act like a sullen teenager – talk to Him! That’s what prayer is. Prayer isn’t something we should reserve for once a week while kneeling in a church building. We should start our day by saying good morning to our Dad. Then, anytime we remember Him throughout our day, say a few words. It’s also a good idea to set aside some time every day to sit down and have a chat with Him. Our aim should be to pray “without ceasing.”

What are the different kinds of prayer? What do I talk about with my Father? Here are a few examples.

First we can simply acknowledge his presence – remember Him throughout the day.

Gal 4:6 [Lamsa Bible]
And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts crying, Abba, Abon, O Father, our Father.

How about saying, “thank you,” for the many things He’s done for us?

Psalms 100:4
Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, and bless his name.

We may request specific things we need.

Philippians 4:6
Be careful [anxious] for nothing; but in every thing by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.

Ask Him to help out our family, friends, and coworkers.

1 Timothy 2:1
I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men;

Pray for our enemies. You would be amazed how many times this can turn an enemy into a friend – though it’s not guaranteed!

Matthew 5:44
But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;

Request wisdom and spiritual understanding. I always need more of that.

Colossians 1:9
For this cause we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease to pray for you, and to desire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding;

Pray for those in authority. I may not wants to pray for politicians but God says to do it. Remember, His thoughts are higher than our thoughts.

1 Timothy 2:2
For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.

Ask Him for the opportunity and ability to serve Him.

Acts 4:29
And now, Lord, behold their threatenings: and grant unto thy servants, that with all boldness they may speak thy word,

Thank Him for all the things that He’s promised He will do in the future.

Hebrews 10:35, 36
Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward.
For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise.

Before I wrap up I’d better handle a question that somebody always asks. “Why should we pray for things when God already knows that we need them?”

Naturally, somebody else always answers, “I heard this theory that…”

Everybody, it seems, has a theory about why God tells us to do certain things. Are you wondering if I have a theory? I certainly do! My theory is that we should stop making up theories. Simply read the words and believe what is written. We pray because the Bible says so.

So, talk to your Dad. He already wrote a big thick book to reveal how much He loves you. It would only be polite to say a few words in return!

1 Thessalonians 5:16-18
Rejoice evermore. Pray without ceasing. In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.

You and I both have lots of “dead time” during the course of a day – driving, waiting for an appointment, cooking supper. God’s word encourages us to turn this into “live time” in prayer. We can give God thanks in every single situation because He is always able and willing to give us the victory.

1 Corinthians 15:57
But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

Make God’s Word Your Own – Part 3

Take Action

How did that go again? “Listen, remember, and obey.” I guess it’s time for the “obey” part.

So – a pilgrimage to the holy land? Fasting for forty days and forty nights? Healing a leper? What do we do now?

When we believe God’s Word – which is a result of reading and retaining it – we will naturally desire to act on it. “To believe” is a verb. Verbs are all about action. Of course, reading and retaining God’s Word are actions, done in obedience to God’s will.

But wait, there’s more! What we’ve done so far is all very private (at least it seems so to us). But, if we have been doing these things, the people around us have started to notice a change. They might not say anything but they’ve noticed. We owe it to God to tell them why. We should give credit (glory) where credit is due (to God).

The simplest, most accessible, and perhaps most difficult step we can now take is to act as a witness. To speak to people about God and His son.

Speak the Truth

We’ve already alluded to the benefits of speaking The Word to ourselves; it bears repeating.

Psalm 15:1,2
LORD, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill?
He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart.

Do we do desire to dwell in God and receive the blessings he’s made available? We’ll need to speak the truth in our hearts. But we’ve also received a commission to speak the truth to others – both to our Christian brothers and to those who don’t yet believe.

Ephesians 4:15, 25
But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:

Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.

Since we desire to make God’s word our own – to become grown-ups in Christ – we need to speak the truth (God’s Word) to one another. Concerning unbelievers, let’s look at one of the last things that Jesus Christ said while still on earth.

Acts 1:8
But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.

Christians are instructed to be witnesses, telling others about the marvelous accomplishments of Jesus Christ. Did the Christians in the first century carry out this commandment?

Acts 8:1-4
And Saul was consenting unto his [Stephen’s] death. And at that time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the apostles.
And devout men carried Stephen to his burial, and made great lamentation over him.
As for Saul, he made havock of the church, entering into every house, and haling men and women committed them to prison.
Therefore they that were scattered abroad went every where preaching the word.

Yes, they obeyed. The threat of imprisonment or death didn’t slow them down. They spoke God’s word wherever they went. 

“But, deLaune, I don’t know enough to speak The Word to anyone. I’m an introvert. And shy. And the dog ate my Bible…”

Hold it! If you have started reading your Bible; if you have memorized a couple of verses and thought about them; then you have something to share.

Have we read any verses that command us to preach a sermon in the company cafeteria? Which verse says that we must speak everything we know? (These are rhetorical questions). To start building the habit of speaking the truth, all we must do is to say one true thing. We’re laying the first brick on the foundation. Finishing the building lies far in the future.

Will it be uncomfortable at first? Of course. We’re used to talking about negative things like death, unemployment, sickness, politics. It’s going to feel very strange, at first, to speak the living Word of Truth. Let’s look at a hypothetical interaction with a coworker:

Fred: “You’ve been a lot more cheerful lately. Getting laid regular?”

You: “I’ve been reading the Bible and thinking about it. I’ve been feeling more peaceful.”

Fred: “The Bible! What are you talking about?”

You: “Well, one verse I’ve been thinking about says, ‘I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me.'”

Fred: “That seems too simple. How can that possibly work?”

You: “I don’t know. It just does. Do you have those quarterly reports that Jack needs?”

Congratulations! You’ve just spoken the truth. You could have kept your mouth shut and let Fred’s assumption stand. But that wouldn’t have been the truth. When Fred tried to get argumentative about it, you could have gotten pulled into a useless debate. But you didn’t. Don’t be afraid to stop talking. If people try to pressure you, you might say, “Ask me again next week. Maybe I’ll know more by then.”

It’s really that simple. Develop the habit of replying with the truth. You don’t have to explain the truth, you don’t have to defend the truth, you just speak it and move on. If Fred really is interested, you can tell him more as you learn more. But it’s a good idea to teach less than you know. That way you aren’t tempted to go beyond into philosophies and vain janglings.


To make God’s Word our own we begin by reading it. But we can’t simply study it as an intellectual exercise – we must hold onto it, retain it in our minds, believe it. We do this by remembering what we’ve read, thinking about it, and repeating it to ourselves as needed. Then, as we begin to see the benefits, we speak the truth to others. This is a lifelong process – we’ll never run out of things to learn. And the more we do this the more we will manifest the fearlessness, peacefulness, and confidence that God will always bring His Word to pass.

Unfortunately, many Christians never even begin. They try to live a Christian lifestyle based on the watered down platitudes and opinions of Churchian preachers. They get the opposite results – confusion, powerlessness, and defeat. Let us – you and me – not end up like that. By God’s mercy and grace we can determine to make His Word our own. We can work – fight if need be – to be able to say, “As for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.”

1 Peter 3:15
But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear: